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Delhi

Human habitation was probably present in and around Delhi during the second millennium BC and before, as evidenced by archeological relics.[11] The city is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, legendary capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata.[6] Settlements grew from the time of the Mauryan Empire (c. 300 BC).[11] Remains of seven major cities have been discovered in Delhi.
Highlights: lal quila, qutub minar, akshar dham mandir

The TomarRajputdynasty founded Lal Kot in 736 near the Qutub Minar. The Prithviraj Rasonames the RajputAnangpalas the founder of Lal Kot.

An contemporary account of the city of Delhi in the Tomar period is given by Vibudh Shridhar. He describes an immense fort surrounded by a moat besides the Ananga lake. The markets were full of commodities like cloth, grain, betel-nuts, sweets etc as well as accounting books. He also implies that Delhi was a center of learning where eloquent language was spoken. The pinnacles of the city gates were guilded with gold and buildings were studded with gems.

The ChauhanRajput kings of Ajmerconquered Lal Kot in 1180 and renamed it Qila Rai Pithora. The Chauhan king Prithviraj IIIwas defeated in 1192 by the AfghanMuhammad Ghori. AnangpalTomar, a Chandravanshi Rajput ruler of Delhi , often described as the founder of Delhi, built the citadel some 10 kilometres from Suraj Kundaround 731.

From 1206, Delhi became the capital of the Delhi Sultanateunder the Slave Dynasty. The first Sultanof Delhi, Qutb-ud-din Aybakwas a former slave who rose through the ranks to become a general, a governor and then Sultanof Delhi. Qutb-ud-din started the construction the Qutub Minar, a recognisable symbol of Delhi, to commemorate his victory but died before its completion. In the Qutb complex he also constructed the Quwwat-al-Islam (might of Islam), which is the earliest extant mosque in India. He was said to have pillaged exquisitely carved pillars from 27 temples for this mosque, many of which can still be seen. After the end of the Slave dynasty, a succession of Turkic and Central Asian dynasties, the Khilji dynasty, the Tughluq dynasty, the Sayyid dynastyand the Lodhi dynastyheld power in the late medieval period and built a sequence of forts and townships in Delhi.

In 1398, Timur Lenkinvaded India on the pretext that the Muslim sultans of Delhi were too tolerant of their Hindusubjects. Timur entered Delhi and the city was sacked, destroyed, and left in ruins. In 1526, following the First Battle of Panipat, Zahiruddin Babur, the former ruler of Fergana, defeated the last Lodhi sultan and founded the Mughaldynasty which ruled from Delhi, Agraand Lahore.


Near by: capital of india
How To Reach: mumbai to delhi by train
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